Most of the Chinese in Australia in the 19th Century came from the Guangdong Province, the majority from the Canton Delta. The lure of gold brought them to Australia, they did not want to settle here, their aim was to provide for their families back in China. They had arrived on the rich Victorian gold fields in the 1850’s, when restrictions were put on them they landed in NSW or SA and walked overland. In 1857 anti-Chinese riots flared on the Buckland diggings, peace was restored but the Chinese kept coming and moved onto the NSW diggings. When gold was discovered at Lambing Flat in 1860 the Chinese soon found their way there.